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Explore ForeignAssistance.gov to see how the U.S. government invests in countries around the world.
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Foreign assistance is aid given by the United States to other countries to support global peace, security, and development efforts, and provide humanitarian relief during times of crisis. It is a strategic, economic, and moral imperative for the United States and vital to U.S. national security.
The first U.S. aid program took shape after World War II when then Secretary of State George Marshall acted to provide significant aid to Europe after the war to assist the continent in rebuilding its infrastructure, strengthening its economy, and stabilizing the region. This led to the creation of several foreign assistance programs in subsequent years to build off the success of the Marshall Plan. The next milestone for foreign assistance occurred in 1961, when President Kennedy signed the Foreign Assistance Act into law and created the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). This marked a significant increase in U.S. foreign assistance efforts and USAID became the first U.S. foreign assistance agency whose primary focus was long-term global development to include economic and social progress.
Today, the U.S. manages foreign assistance programs in more than 100 countries around the world through the efforts of over 20 different U.S. government agencies. These investments further America's foreign policy interests on issues ranging from expanding free markets, combating extremism, ensuring stable democracies, and addressing the root causes of poverty, while simultaneously fostering global good will.
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U.S. government agencies manage and implement foreign assistance funds through programs that benefit countries, regions, and the world. The U.S. government provides assistance to over 100 countries around the world. Click below to learn more about one of these featured countries or explore the map to find details on all countries receiving foreign assistance.
Foreign assistance funding is classified into nine categories, which are further detailed into 52 sectors. Funds are uniquely aligned to one category and sector.
ForeignAssistance.gov’s nine categories are shown below.
Click to learn more about each category and its respective sectors.
To help nations effectively establish the conditions and capacity for achieving peace, security, and stability; and for responding effectively against arising threats to national or international security and stability.
Peace and Security
requested for FY 2021
To promote and strengthen effective democracies in recipient states and move them along a continuum toward democratic consolidation.
Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance
To contribute to improvements in the health of people, especially women, children, and other vulnerable populations in countries of the developing world, through expansion of basic health services, including family planning; strengthening national health systems, and addressing global issues and special concerns such as HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases.
To promote equitable, effective, accountable, and sustainable formal and non-formal education systems and address factors that place individuals at risk for poverty, exclusion, neglect, or victimization. Help populations manage their risks and gain access to opportunities that support their full and productive participation in society. Help populations rebound from temporary adversity, cope with chronic poverty, reduce vulnerability, and increase self-reliance.
Education and Social Services
To generate rapid, sustained, and broad-based economic growth.
To support the sustainability of a productive and clean environment by: ensuring that the environment and the natural resources upon which human lives and livelihoods depend are managed in ways that sustain productivity growth, a healthy population, as well as the intrinsic spiritual and cultural value of the environment, and conserving biodiversity and managing natural resources in ways that maintain their long-term viability and preserve their potential to meet the needs of present and future generations.
To save lives, alleviate suffering, and minimize the economic costs of conflict, disasters and displacement. Humanitarian assistance is provided on the basis of need according to principles of universality, impartiality and human dignity. It is often organized by sectors, but requires an integrated, coordinated and/or multi-sectoral approach to be most effective. Emergency operations will foster the transition from relief, through recovery, to development, but they cannot and will not replace the development investments necessary to reduce chronic poverty or establish just social services.
To provide the general management support required to ensure completion of U.S. foreign assistance objectives by facilitating program management, monitoring and evaluation, and accounting and tracking of costs.
Multi-Sector is used when a sector cannot be identified and/or aid may be cross-cutting across several categories
There are over 20 U.S. government agencies responsible for either funding or executing U.S. foreign assistance activities. The agencies listed below represent the agencies which are currently reporting to ForeignAssistance.gov. All agencies are working to improve the quantity and quality of their data and to report data on a quarterly basis.
The U.S. African Development Foundation (USADF) is a U.S. government's agency dedicated to promoting African-led development. USADF grants of up to $250,000 provide capital and local technical expertise to grassroots enterprises that empower underserved communities to become a part of Africa's growth story.
Learn More About ADF
The EPA's mission is to protect human health and the environment by
Learn More About EPA
Learn More About FTC
The Inter-American Foundation (IAF) is an independent agency working throughout Latin America and the Caribbean to identify, support, and partner with the poor, their enterprises and grassroots organizations to create and build thriving communities.
Learn More About IAF
The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) forms partnerships with some of the world's poorest countries who are committed to good governance, economic freedom, and investments in their citizens to reduce poverty through sustainable economic growth.
Learn More About MCC
As the official international service organization of the United States, the Peace Corps (PC) gives Americans the opportunity to become global citizens and serve their country by tackling the most pressing needs of people around the world. Peace Corps Volunteers live in their communities of service and work at the grassroots level with host country governments, schools, and entrepreneurs to develop sustainable solutions that address challenges in areas like education, health, economic development, agriculture and environment, and youth development. They bring this experience and their skills, knowledge, and ideas back home with them to the United States, and the ripple effect of their global outlook follows them wherever they go and enriches the lives of those around them.
Learn More About PC
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) is an independent agency that provides economic, development, and humanitarian assistance around the world in support of the foreign policy goals of the United States.
Learn More About USAID
The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) mission is to provide leadership on food, agriculture, natural resources, rural development, nutrition, and related issues based on sound public policy, the best available science, and efficient management.
Learn More About USDA
The Department of Commerce promotes job creation and economic growth by ensuring fair and reciprocal trade, providing the data necessary to support commerce and constitutional democracy, and fostering innovation by setting standards and conducting foundational research and development.
Learn More About DOC
The mission of the Department of Defense (DoD) is to provide the military forces needed to deter war and protect the security of the United States.
Visit www.defense.gov for more information.
Learn More About DOD
The mission of the Energy Department is to ensure America's security and prosperity by addressing its energy, environmental and nuclear challenges through transformative science and technology solutions.
Learn More About DOE
The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is the U.S. government's principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services, especially for those who are least able to help themselves. HHS is headed by the Secretary who is the chief managing officer for the HHS family of agencies, including 11 operating divisions, 10 regional offices, as well as the Office of the Secretary.
Learn More About HHS
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has a vital mission: to secure the nation from the many threats we face. This requires the dedication of more than 240,000 employees in jobs that range from aviation and border security to emergency response, from cybersecurity analyst to chemical facility inspector. Our duties are wide-ranging, and our goal is clear - keeping America safe.
Learn More About DHS
The Department of the Interior (DOI) protects America's natural resources and heritage, honors our cultures and tribal communities, and supplies the energy to power our future.
The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is to work with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people.
Learn More About DOI
The mission of the Department of Justice is to enforce the law and defend the interests of the United States according to the law; to ensure public safety against threats foreign and domestic; to provide federal leadership in preventing and controlling crime; to seek just punishment for those guilty of unlawful behavior; and to ensure fair and impartial administration of justice for all Americans.
Learn More About DOJ
The Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB) leads the Department of Labor (DOL) in its efforts to ensure that workers around the world are treated fairly and are able to share in the benefits of the global economy. ILAB's mission is to improve global working conditions, raise living standards, protect workers' ability to exercise their rights, and address the workplace exploitation of children and other vulnerable populations. Its efforts help to ensure a fair playing field for American workers and contribute to stronger export markets for goods made in the United States.
Learn More About DOL
The mission of the Department of State (DOS) is to advance freedom for the benefit of the American people and the international community by helping to build and sustain a more democratic, secure, and prosperous world composed of well-governed states that respond to the needs of their people, reduce widespread poverty, and act responsibly within the international system.
Learn More About DOS
The Department of Transportation (DOT) serves the United States by ensuring a fast, safe, efficient, accessible and convenient transportation system that meets our vital national interests and enhances the quality of life of the American people, today and into the future.
Learn More About DOT
The mission of the Department of the Treasury (TREASURY) is to maintain a strong economy and create economic and job opportunities by promoting the conditions that enable economic growth and stability at home and abroad; strengthen national security by combating threats to and protecting the integrity of the financial system; and manage the U.S. government's finances and resources effectively.
Learn More About Treasury
DFC, the U.S. International Development Finance Corporation (DFC) is America’s development bank. DFC partners with the private sector to finance solutions to the most critical challenges facing the developing world today. DFC invests across sectors including energy, healthcare, critical infrastructure, and technology. DFC also provides financing for small businesses and women entrepreneurs in order to create jobs in emerging markets. DFC investments adhere to high standards and respect the environment, human rights, and worker rights.
Learn More About DFC
The U.S. Trade and Development Agency helps companies create U.S. jobs through the export of U.S. goods and services for priority development projects in emerging economies. USTDA links U.S. businesses to export opportunities by funding project preparation and partnership building activities that develop sustainable infrastructure and foster economic growth in partner countries.
Learn More About USTDA
The Export-Import Bank of the United States (EXIM) is the official export credit agency of the United States. EXIM is an independent, self-financing Executive Branch agency with a mission of supporting American jobs by facilitating the export of U.S. goods and services.
EXIM's export credit programs are not foreign assistance, foreign aid or grants.
Learn More About EXIM
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